Course: History of Philosophy II

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Course title History of Philosophy II
Course code KFI/HIPH2
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction English
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
  • Pacovská Kamila, Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Sikora Ondřej, Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
Why be moral? Discussion with egoists Consequentialism Critics of consequentialism Deontology, principle of doing and allowing, principle of double effect Kantianism and its critics Virtue ethics

Learning activities and teaching methods
unspecified, Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming), Work with text (with textbook, with book)
  • unspecified - 60 hours per semester
  • unspecified - 30 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim of the course is to introduce students into contemporary Anglophone (or "analytic") ethics by showing three different approaches to the basic question: what is morally valuable? The first approach is that of consequentialism that claims that moral value derives from the consequences of action. Cosnsequentialism draws inspiration from traditional utilitarianism. The second approach is represented by kantianism that claims that moral value can only be derived from moral law as it is recognised by reason and executed by will. Kantianism (or more precisely "neokantianism") developped from the ethical work of Immanuel Kant. The third approach, virtue ethics developped vigourously after the second world war from the need to find make sense to a wider experience of value. In opposition of the two, it does not concentrate on single action, but inquires what is a happy (or good) life. It takes inspiration in Ancient philosophy, mainly in Aristotle's ethics and so is sometimes called Neoaristotelian virtue ethics. The course has the form of a lecture accompanied by extensive discussion. Both, the lecture and the discussion will be conducted in English (very short explanations in Czech might occur) so that the students practice English listening, speaking and writing in academic philosophy.

Basic knowledge of English - listening, speaking and writing. Basic knowledge of Kant's ethics and utilitarianism.

Assessment methods and criteria
Written examination, Home assignment evaluation, Creative work analysis

1. Active attendance in the course (max. 3 absences) 2. Essay in English (7-10 normed pages) to be submitted by a given date (to be settled at the seminar) 3. Test at the end of semester, verifying basic knowledge of the topics discussed in the course.
Recommended literature
  • A. MacIntyre. Ztráta ctnosti. Praha, Oikoymenh 2004.
  • B. Williams. Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy. 1985.
  • B. Williams. Moral Luck. Cambridge University Press, 1981.
  • B. Williams. Morality. 1972.
  • Crisp, Slote. Virtue Ethics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
  • Foot, P. Virtues and Vices. Virtues and Vices. Oxford University Press, New York., 2002.
  • G. E. M. Anscombe. Intention. Cambridge, 1957.
  • G. E. M. Anscombe. Modern Moral Philosophy. 1958.
  • M. Barabas. M. Nussbaumová: Křehkost dobra. Reflexe 27, 2004.
  • M. Nussbaumová. Křehkost dobra. Oikoymenh, Praha, 2000.
  • M. Sandel. Spravedlnost: Co je správné dělat. Karolinum 2015.
  • Murdoch, I. The Sovereignty of Good over Other Concepts. Routledge, London, 1970.
  • Nagel, T. Moral Luck.. Mortal Questions, Cambridge University Press, str. 24-38., 1979.
  • P. Foot. Moral Beliefs. 1958.
  • P. Foot. Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives. In: Virtues and Vices.
  • P. Kolář, V. Svoboda. Logika a etika. Úvod do metaetiky. Filosofia 1997.
  • Platón. Ústava II. Oikoymenh, Praha.
  • R. Hursthouse. Virtue Ethics.
  • Smart, Williams. Utilitarianism: For and Against. Cambridge University Press, 1973.
  • Stocker, M. The Schizophrenia of Modern Ethical Theories.. Journal of Philosophy, 14: 453?66, 1976.
  • Taylor, Ch. Etika autenticity. Praha: Filosofia, 2001.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty of Arts and Philosophy Philosophy (2013) Philosophy, theology 3 Winter
Faculty of Arts and Philosophy Philosophy (2015) Philosophy, theology 3 Winter