Course: Social History of Medicine

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Course title Social History of Medicine
Course code UHV/MEDI
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course not specified
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter and summer
Number of ECTS credits 3
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Hanulík Vladan, Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
Anthropology of the body - philosophical concepts and basic theoretical approaches of cultural anthropology of body. The body as a substance, machine or genetic information. The history of the perception of human corporeality and development of displaying of the body. The history of medicine or medical history? The characteristic of contemporary methodology, main authorities and periodicals relating to the history of medicine and social history of medicine. The doctor as an institution. The doctor and a relationship with his patient. The controlling master, altruist or a gold-miner? The case of Mengele. Madness and the healing of spirit. Epidemics - plague, syphilis, black pox. Medicine and women. Social construct of masculinity and feminity. The biological nature of the social and gender determination. Social diseases - tuberculosis, gout, nervousness, obesity. Discursive access to the "diseases" in the 19th century, self-abuse, hypochondria, hysteria. Alternative methods of treatment. Homeopathy, mesmerism, chiropractic, hydropathy. Acceptance of the non-conventional principles by contemporary medicine. Medical treatment and space - public spaces, hospitals, spas. Comparative view on the development of the contemporary problems of different health insurance systems. Was the presented reform of the medical system in Czech Republic real reform?

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming), Work with text (with textbook, with book), Demonstration, Projection, Stimulating activities (simulation, games, drama)
  • unspecified - 39 hours per semester
  • unspecified - 19 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim of the course is to introduce the main issues of the history of western medicine and medical treatment in the period since the Middle Ages to the present, with emphasis focused on changes in the medical thought, science and forms of medical care in the 18th and 19th century. Lessons will take the form of a debate about specific problems, for that is for students necessary to prepare on each lesson on the basis of specified text (will be available through the web sources). For the participation in discussion is essential passive knowledge of English, German or French.
The students will be familiar with the methods and results of research in contemporary social history of medicine and history and anthropology of the body. The objective of the workshop in each lesson is aimed also on the developing of participants skills of critical thinking and the ability of analysis and interpretation of the historical text.
Passive knowledge of English, German or French language.

Assessment methods and criteria
Systematic monitoring

Colloquium will be given to the participants actively involved in workshop with tolerance of 3 absences per semester. Essential will be the study of prepared texts and presentation of participant´s own views during the seminar.
Recommended literature
  • BENJAMIN, M. (ed.). Science and Sensibility. Gender and Scientific Enquiry, 1780-1945.. Cambridge, 1994.
  • BRAUN, K. Die Krankheit Onania. Körperangst un die Anfänge moderner Sexualität im 18. Jahrhundert.. Frankfurt am Main, 1995.
  • BRUNTON, D. Health, disease and society in Europe 1800-1930. A source book.. New York, 2004.
  • BYNUM, W.F. PORTER, R. Medicine and the five senses.. Cambridge, 1993.
  • BYNUM, W.F.; PORTER, R. (ed.). Companion Encyclopedia of The History of Medicine. Vol. 1 - 2.. London, 1993.
  • COMAROFF, J. Body of Power Spirit of Resistance. The Culture and History of a South African People. . Chicago, 1985.
  • CSORDAS, T. J. Embodiment and experience. The existential ground of culture and self. . Cambridge, 1994.
  • ČERNÝ, K.; SVOBODNÝ, P. (ed.). Historia Medicina Cultura. Sborník k dějinám medicíny.. Praha, 2006.
  • DARTON, R. Mesmerism and the End of the Enlightenment in France.. London, 1969.
  • DINGES, M. (ed.). Patients in the History od Homoeopathy.. Sheffield, 2002.
  • DOUGLAS, M. Ritual, Tabu and Körpersymbolik.. Frankfurt am Main, 1981.
  • FEATHERSTONE, M., BURROWS, R. Cyberspace/Cyberbodies/Cyberpunk. Cultures of Technological Embodiment.. London, 1995.
  • FOUCAULT, M. Dějiny šílenství.. Praha, 1993.
  • FOUCAULT, M. Die Geburt der Klinik. Eine Archäologie des ärtzlichen Blicks.. Frankfurt, 1998.
  • GALLAGHER, C.; LACGUEUR, T. The Making of the Modern Body. Sexuality and Society in the Nineteenth Century.. Berkley, 1997.
  • GEURTS, K. L. Culture and the Senses. Bodily Ways of Knowing in an African Community. . Berkley, 2002.
  • GILMAN, S. L. Disease and Representation. Images of Illness from Madness to AIDS.. Ithaca, 1998.
  • GOFF,L. J.; TRUONG, T. Tělo ve středověké kultuře.. Praha, 2006.
  • HLAVÁČKOVÁ, L.; SVOBODNÝ, P. Dějiny lékařství v českých zemích.. Praha, 2004.
  • JORDANOVA, L. Nature displayed. Gender, Science and Medicine 1760-1820. London, 1999.
  • JORDANOVA, L. Sexual Visions. Images of Gender in Science and Medicine betweem the Eighteenth and Twentieth Centuries.. Wisconsin, 1989.
  • JÜTTE, R. Geschichte der alternativen Medizin. Von der Volksmedizin zu den ukonventionellen Therapien von Heute.. München, 1996.
  • KOČKA, M.; KUBÍK, A. Vincenz Priessnitz. Světový přírodní léčitel.. Štíty, 2006.
  • KŘÍŽEK, V. Obrazy z dějiny lázeňství.. Praha, 1987.
  • LAQUEUR, T. Auf den Leib geschrieben. Die Inszenierung der Geschlechter von der Antike bis Freud.. Frankfurt am Main, 1992.
  • MACCORMAK, C. P.; STARTHERN, M. (ed.). Nature, Culture and Gender.. Cambridge, 1980.
  • PORTER, R. Největší dobrodiní lidstva. Historie medicíny od starověku po současnost. Praha : Knižní klub, 2001.
  • PORTER, R.; ROUSSEAU, G. S. Gout. The Patrician Malady.. New Haven, 1998.
  • SARASIN, P. Reizbare Maschinen. Eine Geschichte des Körpers 1765-1914.. Frankfurt am Main, 2001.
  • SCARRY, E. The Body in Pain. The Making and Unmaking of the World. New York, 1985.
  • TINKOVÁ, D. Hřích, zločin, šílenství v čase odkouzlování světa.. Praha, 2004.
  • TINKOVÁ, D. V zájmu přirozených věcí. Genderové identity, bio-moc a osvícenská věda. Práce z dějin vědy. Sv. 6.. Praha, 2003.
  • TURNER, V. Dramas, Fields and Metaphors. Symbolic Action in Human Society.. Ithaca, 1972.
  • VIGARELLO, G. Wasser und Seife, Puder und Parfüm. Geschichte der Körperhygiene seit dem Mittelalter. . Frankfurt am Main, 1985.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Branch of study Category Recommended year of study Recommended semester